Rules for Playing 8 Ball

The game of 8-ball is played with a cue ball and 15 object balls. The cue ball is generally white in color. You hit the ball with the pool cue stick. The object ball is the one which you aim to hit with the cue ball. 7 of the object balls are solid (1-7), 7 are striped (9-15) and the 8-ball (8) is black in color. The other balls are yellow (1&9), purple (4&12), green (6&14), blue (2&10), orange (5&13), maroon (7&15) and red (3&11).   The sequence of pocketing starts from solid balls and then moves to striped balls. You have to pocket the 8-ball at the end before your opponent(s). The table dimension is 9’ X 4.5’ or 7’ X 3.5’ according to APA/CPA standards.

Placement – The Rack

A triangular rack is used to place the object balls at the center of the table. The black 8 ball should always be at the center of the triangle. The bottom row is made of ball numbers 11, 2, 13, 4 and 5. Second row consists of ball numbers 8, 10, 3 and 14. Third row consists of ball numbers 15, 8 and 1. The fourth row consists of ball numbers 7 and 12. The last object ball is placed at the top. The rack is always placed on the section behind the table foot-string. You can place the cue ball on the head spot of the head string while breaking. The line between the center pockets of the table is the center string and its mid spot is the center spot.

Ball Selection and Play – Single and Multi Players

  • Ball Selection: You can play the 8-ball game in singles or in group. You can choose the first 7 solid balls or the next 7 striped balls as your object balls. Your opponents will get the second set of balls. You need to break the triangle with the first hit using the cue ball. Generally the game controller will decide that based on a coin toss.
  • Legal Break: You must either pocket one of the object balls or make four of the object balls touch the rail. Otherwise it may be called a foul and referee can re-arrange the balls in the rack. The next chance of breaking will go to your opponent.
  • Game Continuation: You may continue to hit the chosen object balls with the cue ball and the pool cue as long you pocket them. Once you miss the pocket or commit a foul, the turn goes to the opponent. If you manage to pocket all your object balls and the 8-ball (black) before your opponent, you will be declared as the winner. If you manage to pocket the 8-ball (black) on the break, you will be declared as the winner immediately. If you end up pocketing your opponent’s object ball, you will lose your turn to continue and the opponent will get the point and the option to play next.

Basic Rules of 8 Ball

  • Cue Ball Scratch: If you pocket the cue ball on break, it is considered as scratch. Then the playing turn goes to the opponent. Scratch can also occur when you directly hit the opponent’s object ball with the cue ball. Your opponent can place the cue ball on the table at any position of his choice.
  • Cue Ball Rise: You may hit the cue ball at an elevated angle to make it rise up from the table bed and cross over an obstructing opponent’s ball to hit your object ball. The ferrule of your pool cue should not touch the cue ball and it should not hit the opponent’s object ball directly. The cue ball should not fall into the pocket or fly off the table. The hitting position should not be below the center.
  • Cue Ball Hit: The cue stick should contact the cue ball only once during a hit (not before and not after).
  • Frozen Ball Hit: You can hit a frozen ball (usually to the rail) with the cue ball to move it from that position. In this process, either the frozen object should ball should touch the other rail or the cue ball should touch any of the rails. Failing to do so would result in a foul. If the cue ball hits the rails simultaneously (with the object ball) or before, it is also considered to be foul.
  • Locked Ball Placement: In some situations, two or more object balls may be locked with each other. If a ball is positioned over the other balls, the referee has the right to place that ball without making it go into the pocket. This happens when the balls are locked nearer to the pocket or somewhere near the jaw region.
  • Missing the Rail: Either the cue ball or any of your object balls should touch the rail after you make a hit. The other option is to pocket any of your object balls. Failing to do so is considered as a foul. The next turn of play will go to the opponent.
  • Shot Playing Time: You should complete the shot within one minute of the allocated time. Otherwise the next chance to hit goes to your opponent by default.

Basic Rules – Foul Types

There are three categories of fouls in the 8 ball pool game. The first category is the standard set of fouls. The second is the loss of frame fouls. The third one is the non standard.

  • Standard Fouls: Hitting the object ball directly with the pool cue. Premature shot before the balls have come to resting position from the previous shot. Failing to move away from the table after your hit is complete (within 10 seconds) are some of the standard fouls.
  • Loss of Frame: Premature pocketing of the 8-ball (black-except in the initial break), disturbing the opponent and simultaneous pocketing of the 8-ball and object ball with single shot are some of the fouls.
  • Non Standard Fouls: Failure to break and pocketing the cue ball are some of non standard fouls.

The Penalties for all the fouls shall be according to the rule book of the American Pool-Players Association.

Why It’s Important to Define Your Business Goals

Operating your own business is a big commitment, in fact barely 10% of people are willing to undertake the challenge.  Most businesses fail within the first two years, making planning and commitment even more important to the entrepreneur.  If you don’t which way you’re going how can you ever arrive at a destination?  First you need to define your business goals and then move toward them with purpose.

Imagine for a minute that you are a boat adrift on the open water, you have no sails and no engines.  Everyone on board is subjected to the whims of the waves.  Don’t let your business be that boat.  Take the time and clarify your business goals, have some direction.  You have a crew that can help you by doing their part.  Now that you can appreciate the importance of planning, it’s time to make a plan.  If you’re unsure what questions to ask yourself watch the video below.

Know where you come from

This is often overlooked when you are trying to establish your business goals, you need to take a long look at where you have been and how you managed to succeed in the past.  This helps you learn what your strengths are.  Be honest in what your successes and failures were.  Understanding this will help you determine how your business goes forward in the market.  Break your strengths down into specifics not generalities like “provide good customer service”.  Have you exceeded sales quotas, are you strong in things like ontime delivery or upsells?  Your goals should reflect where you want your company to improve as well. Make sure and take into account all forms of costs like Internet marketing, SEO Edmonton and other digital Marketing, Offline marketing , human resources, staffing ect. Check out My profile about online marketing 


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Know where you are now

Don’t get lost in the past or in planning the future, you still need to have an eye on the current market situation in order to plan your next move.  Learn the trends in your industry, so you can work within them.  Like people companies can adapt and change in order to survive.  If you have elaborate plans in the future and they are beyond your present means the chances of success are reduced.  It’s important to be realistic and honest with yourself at this stage too.  Plan for achievable goals.

Last but not least, know where you are going

Nobody can predict the future and the best laid plans can go wrong, but don’t allow yourself to become paralyzed trying to predict the future.  This is called analysis paralysis and it can kill your business.  You’ve done your research and made your company into a viable enterprise.  Now is the time to lay the foundation for your future.  Focus on the things you do well and take the opportunity to increase the value of your company to your customers.

Remember that without goals you are wandering aimlessy, choose a path and act definitively.

Are Golf Lessons Worth The Price?

Are golf lessons really worth spending your time, money, and effort on? Most local golf courses you visit will have professionals who’ll offer to teach you for $35 to $150. However, when you weigh the benefits of learning the sport to the cost it’ll take to learn, ask yourself, “What do I want to accomplish with this sport?” “Am I doing this for a hobby, or do I plan on making this my career?” Depending on how much you’re willing to put in and what your reasons are, golf lessons can either be beneficial or costly.  Don’t forget how many business deals are actually closed on the golf course either, a lesson or two might not hurt.


For starters, golf can be an extremely hard sport to master. You don’t just walk in, swing a few times and magically become Tiger Woods. It may seem easy to a spectator or bystander, but there’s actually a lot of technique involved. The precise judgement you must execute to decide how hard to swing your club, the wind, and the distance must be considered thoroughly.

Flexibility, age, and fitness level can also be an issue. If you’re able to get in on the green and practice maybe once or twice a week then you’ll see some improvement. However if you have commitment problems or your schedule isn’t flexible enough to allow for practice, you’re probably better off keeping your money in your wallet.


If you go out alone and attempt to teach yourself, then you’ll probably be spending more time looking for the ball you launched into a tree or into a pond rather than learning the correct way to play. Your teacher will probably counsel you on your flexibility, and tell you that having good core strength is essential to having a strong swing.

In addition relaxing your muscles before and keeping your head still during the swing are just some of the important techniques you’ll need to improve upon your game. This is important whether you’re learning just for fun or to actually make this a career. If you’re doing this just for fun, then by all means have fun.

Don’t sweat it if you don’t show any progress over the next few weeks. If you’re doing this because you want to become the next Jack Nicklaus, then you might wanna put in a little more effort and concentration. Whether golfing is worth your time and money is dependent on what you want and how much elbow grease you’re willing to put in. Who knows, you might just become the next Sam Snead.